Advances in Social Behavior Research

Advances in Social Behavior Research

Vol. 5, 23 January 2024

Open Access | Article

Has American Policy Encouraged China to Become a “Responsible Stakeholder”-Or the Reverse?”

Shiqing Xiao * 1
1 Leiden University

* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Advances in Humanities Research, Vol. 5, 5-13
Published 23 January 2024. © 2023 The Author(s). Published by EWA Publishing
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Citation Shiqing Xiao. Has American Policy Encouraged China to Become a “Responsible Stakeholder”-Or the Reverse?”. ASBR (2024) Vol. 5: 5-13. DOI: 10.54254/2753-7102/5/2024037.


This paper explores the intricate evolution of the relationship between the United States (U.S.) and China, with a focus on American policies influencing China’s role as a “responsible stakeholder” (“RS”). It examines whether U.S. engagement policies have catalyzed China’s emergence as a responsible global player or steered Beijing in a direction contrary to U.S. expectation. This paper first reveals the historical evolution of U.S.-China relations, starting with the containment policy in the 1950s to the post-1989 engagement policy. Then it examines the perspectives of the U.S. and China on “RS.” Both sides share the same bed but with different dreams. Next, the paper identifies the failures and successes of U.S. engagement policy. The paper concludes that engagement policy is not a complete failure and the result is nuanced.


U.S.-China relation, engagement policy, responsible stakeholder, rise of China


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Data Availability

The datasets used and/or analyzed during the current study will be available from the authors upon reasonable request.

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23 January 2024
Advances in Social Behavior Research
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© 2023 The Author(s)
Open Access
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Copyright © 2023 EWA Publishing. Unless Otherwise Stated