Advances in Social Behavior Research

Advances in Social Behavior Research

Vol. 2, 01 March 2023

Open Access | Article

Individual Differences in Self-Esteem in Response to Different Forms of Social Exclusion

Yueran Shi * 1
1 Nanjing Foreign Language School, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210008, China

* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Advances in Humanities Research, Vol. 2, 58-63
Published 01 March 2023. © 2023 The Author(s). Published by EWA Publishing
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Citation Yueran Shi. Individual Differences in Self-Esteem in Response to Different Forms of Social Exclusion. LNEP (2023) Vol. 2: 58-63. DOI: 10.54254/2753-7048/2/2022337.


Social exclusion is a dynamic interactive process, yet previous research has mostly focus on the effect of different social exclusions in general terms. In this study, we investigated that whether people’s self-esteem after different categories of social exclusions is moderated by individual differences in Rejection Sensitivity. Participants are first engaged in a Rejection Sensitivity Questionnaire (Downey & Feldman, 1996) and an explicit self-esteem measurement. After a few weeks, they finished an explicit self-esteem measurement questionnaire which involved one of three kinds of social exclusion occasions. Each questionnaire pointed out the same situation: the participants met a friendly stranger at the weekend party and wanted to deepen their relationship. However, they all received different types of rejection and were in the exclusion condition. Implication of this research is to understand how individual differences in Rejection Sensitivity will affect the consequences in three circumstances of social exclusions: explicit rejection, ostracism, and ambiguous rejection. We expect to find that people with different rejection sensitivity will have different fluctuations in self-esteem in the face of three kinds of social exclusion. For example, people with high rejection sensitivity may suffer a more serious blow to their self-esteem in the face of direct rejection since they feel more anxious and sensitive to being rejected.


stranger reject paradigm, Social exclusion, rejection sensitivity, self-esteem


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Data Availability

The datasets used and/or analyzed during the current study will be available from the authors upon reasonable request.

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Educational Innovation and Philosophical Inquiries (ICEIPI 2022), Part I
ISBN (Print)
ISBN (Online)
Published Date
01 March 2023
Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media
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ISSN (Online)
© 2023 The Author(s)
Open Access
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Copyright © 2023 EWA Publishing. Unless Otherwise Stated