Advances in Social Behaviour Research

Advances in Social Behaviour Research

Vol. 1, 22 December 2021

Open Access | Article

Analysis of the Reasons Why US and Russia Withdrew from the INF Treaty Successively – Based on the Levels of Analysis

Xinyi He * 1
1 School of Economics and Management, East China Jiaotong University

* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Advances in Social Behaviour Research, Vol. 1, 1-9 Advances in Social Behaviour Research,
Published 22 December 2021. © 2023 The Author(s). Published by EWA Publishing
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Citation Xinyi He. Analysis of the Reasons Why US and Russia Withdrew from the INF Treaty Successively – Based on the Levels of Analysis. ASBR (2021) Vol. 1: 1-9. DOI: 10.54254/2753-7102/1/ASBR_001.


The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF Treaty) is a milestone in the history of arms control negotiations between the United States and the Soviet Union, but there are continuous disputes during its existence. From February 2, 2019, the United States announced the suspension of its obligations under the INF Treaty and officially started the withdrawal process. On the same day, the Russian president also announced the suspension of implementation. The factors behind the successive withdrawal are complicated and are related to the development of the international arms control system in the future. This papermainly focuses on the analysis of the reasons for the withdrawal by comparing the two sides under the same perspective through the levels of analysis.


levels of analysis, US-Russian relations, intermediate-range nuclear forces treaty, nuclear reductions


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Data Availability

The datasets used and/or analyzed during the current study will be available from the authors upon reasonable request.

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